Sperm donation is the provision by a man of his sperm with the intention that it be used in the artificial insemination or other 'fertility treatment' of a woman or women who are not his sexual partners in order that they may become pregnant by him. The man is known as a 'sperm donor' and the sperm he provides is known as 'donor sperm' because the intention is that the man will give up all legal rights to any child produced from his sperm, and will not be the legal father. However conception is achieved, the nature and course of the pregnancy will be the same as one achieved by sexual intercourse, and the sperm donor will be the biological father of every child born from his donations. Sperm donation enables a man to father a child for third-party women, and is therefore, categorized as a form of third party reproduction. Sperm may be donated by the donor directly to the intended recipient woman, or through a sperm bank or fertility clinic. Pregnancies are usually achieved by using donor sperm in assisted reproductive technology ART techniques which include artificial insemination either by intracervical insemination ICI or intrauterine insemination IUI in a clinic, or intravaginal insemination at home.
Finding the Lost Generation of Sperm Donors
Journey of a Sperm Donor
Pacific Reproductive Services was founded in specifically to serve the special needs of women planning alternative families - whether single or partnered and regardless of sexual orientation. While lesbians were most urgently in need of a progressive sperm bank, PRS recognized that many women who wished to become mothers often faced significant barriers and limited support. Pacific Reproductive Services understands the societal, cultural, legal and financial issues all types of families face in the decision to pursue artificial insemination with donor sperm. Our mission and promise have always been to provide a warm, caring environment particularly sensitive to women forming alternative families.
In vitro fertilisation IVF is a process of fertilisation where an egg is combined with sperm outside the body, in vitro "in glass". The process involves monitoring and stimulating a woman's ovulatory process, removing an ovum or ova egg or eggs from the woman's ovaries and letting sperm fertilise them in a liquid in a laboratory. After the fertilised egg zygote undergoes embryo culture for 2—6 days, it is implanted in the same or another woman's uterus , with the intention of establishing a successful pregnancy. IVF is a type of assisted reproductive technology used for infertility treatment and gestational surrogacy. A fertilised egg may be implanted into a surrogate's uterus, and the resulting child is genetically unrelated to the surrogate.
On the day my friends, a lesbian couple, asked if I would donate sperm, I was delighted. Incredibly, my friend became pregnant on that first attempt. We sat down and had a lovely talk where they reassured me and we decided to wait before trying again. A few months later, we all felt ready to try again. It took longer for my friend to become pregnant this time, and I worried that it wouldn't happen; that I'd lost my powers.